A few years ago, one of our clients re-landscaped their house. When they did they added a vegetable garden and around that vegetable garden was a large space of freshly tilled dirt. We were studying plant science so I decided that freshly tilled dirt would make the perfect space for a butterfly garden.
Planting a butterfly garden is a wonderful way to explore plant science and how butterflies interact with the environment.
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Butterflies have been having a tough time. Their numbers have dropped dramatically over the past decade. We can help them by planting butterfly-friendly plants in our yards. Along the way, there are many lessons we can learn.
First, we researched what native plants encouraged butterfly activity. Check out our Research for Kids page for suggestions on how to get the kids researching. We learned that not only do the butterflies enjoy sunny areas, they also need both host plants to lay their eggs and support the caterpillars. When planting your garden try to include plants that nourish both the caterpillars and the adult butterflies.
I had the kids keep a nature journal that included what they had researched.
We made a printable version for you to download.
Once we had researched what plants would attract butterflies in our area I had the kids measure the area and make a map.
Then it was time to plant! The kids had the most fun with that part of the project. We had the kids read their maps and then lay out the plants before digging. We compared the maps to how the plants looked in their places and adjusted as neccesary.
Here is the list of butterfly friendly plants that we came up with:
Plants that attract butterflies
- Bee balm
- Butterfly bush
- Globe thistle
- Musk mallow
- Purple coneflower
- Queen Anne’s lace
- Shasta daisy
Sites with information on what plants to use for a butterfly garden:
If you don’t have a lot of space for a butterfly garden consider a few potted plants that will attract butterflies.
The first year we attracted a lot of moths. The kids had magically expected droves of butterflies to flood the garden so this activity is also a lesson in patience. It took us 2 years to attract many butterflies. We did attract more hummingbirds into the yard, which is an added bonus for us.
You can raise your own butterflies and release them into the garden. We released lady bugs and praying mantis’ which gave us another opportunity to talk about beneficial insects.
Bring more spring into your lives with these nature activities: